Online Submission!

Open Journal Systems

A Fundamental Implementations and Working Principles of Wireless Sensor Networks

P. J. Shriidhar, A. Senthil Kumar

Abstract


Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) consist of a large number of Sensors, which are low cost small devices with limited storage, computational capability and power. They can provide low cost solution to verity of real-world problems. They are outfitted with various sensing devices and small non rechargeable batteries. Usually, these sensors are engineered that suddenly active to gather the required data for some times when something is detected, and then remaining largely inactive for long periods of time. Here the study on sensor’s structure, its architecture, its applications and their challenges were pursued. The study on various routing protocols for sensor networks and classification for the various approaches were also pursued. The major classifications of routing protocol reviewed are network structure, path establishment, protocol operation and initiator of communication. Each of the routing schemes and algorithms has the common goal of trying to get better throughput and to increase the lifetime and efficiency of the sensor network. Thus, this work has significant importance, to study and considering while designing a Wireless Sensor Routing protocol.

Full Text:

PDF

References


J. L. Hill. System architecture for wireless sensor networks. Ph.D. dissertation, University of California at Berkeley,Spring, 2003.

C. Buratti A. Conti D. Dardari and R. Verdone. An overview on wireless sensor networks technology and evolution. Sensors, 9(9):6869{6896, August 2009.

M. Tubaishat and S.K. Madria. Sensor networks: an overview. Potentials, IEEE, 22(2):20{23, April-May 2003.

Karl, H.; Willig, A. Protocols and Architectures for Wireless Sensor Networks. John Wiley & Sons: Chichester, West Sussex, UK, 2005.

J. A. Stankovic. Research challenges for wireless sensor networks. ACM SIGBED Review - Special issue on embedded sensor networks and wireless computing, 1(2): 9{12, July 2004.

A.Bonastre J.V. Capella, R. Ors and J.J. Serrano. New challenges in wireless sensor networks:fault tolerance and real time. Industrial Technology,ICIT ,IEEEInternational Conference, pages 1385{1390, December 2005.

J. Lygeros T. Arampatzis and S.Manesis. A survey of applications of wireless sensors and wireless sensor networks. Intelligent Control, Proceedings of the 2005 IEEE International Symposium on, In Proceedings of the 13th Mediterrean Conference on Control and Automation, pages 719{724, June 2005.

S. Narayanan C. Meesookho and C. Raghavendra. Collaborative classification applications in sensor networks. Proc. of Second IEEE Multichannel and Sensor array signal processing workshop, Arlington, VA, pages 370{374, August 2002.

Jian Wan, Daomin Yuan, Xianghua Xu, A review of Routing Protocols in Wireless Sensor Net works, Dec 25, 2008 IEEE Xplore.

K. Akkaya and M. Younis. A survey on routing protocols for wireless sensor networks, ad hoc networks. Ad Hoc Networks, CiteSeerX, 3:325{349, 2005.

N. Chand V. Katiyar and S. Soni. A survey on clustering algorithms for heterogeneous wireless sensor networks. Int. J. Advanced Networking and Applications, 2 (4):745{754, 2011.

S. Jabbehdari R. Sheikhpour and A. Khadem-Zadeh. Comparison of energy efficient clustering protocols in heterogeneous wireless sensor networks. International Journal of Advanced Science and Technology, 36:27{40, November 2011.

S.D. Muruganthan D.C.F. Ma B. Rollyi and A. Fapojuwo. A centralized energy efficient routing protocol for wireless sensor networks. IEEE Radio Communications, 43(3):8{13, 2005.

Q. Nadeem M.B. Rasheed N. Javaid Z.A. Khan Y. Maqsood and A. Din. M-GEAR: Gateway-based energy-aware multi-hop routing protocol for WSNs. Broadband and Wireless Computing, Communication and Applications (BWCCA) of IEEE, pages 164{169, July 2013.

S.K. Mitra and M.K. Naskar. Comparative study of radio models for data gathering in wireless sensor network. International Journal of Computer Applications (0975 {8887), 27(4):49{57, August 2011.

Sajid Hussain and Abdul W. Matin Jodrey. Energy efficient hierarchical cluster-based routing for wireless sensor networks. Technical Report - TR- 2005-011, 2005. 073720m@acadiau.ca.

S. Farahani, ZigBee Wireless Networks and Transceivers. Newton, MA, USA: Newnes, 2008.

K. Pradeepa, W.R. Anne, and S. Duraisamy, “Design and

Implementation Issues of Clustering in Wireless Sensor Networks,” Int’l J. Computer Applications, vol. 47, no. 11, pp. 23-28, 2012.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.6084/ijact.v4i12.425

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.