A PI FRAMEWORK FOR REAL TIME DETECTION OF MILK ADULTERATION

  • VIKRAM R N
  • VEERA SHREERAM
  • THARUN KUMAR
  • VISHNU VARMA V
  • SWARNA PARVATHI S

Abstract

This paper presents a framework which uses pH values and impedance measurement values to detect milk adulteration in real time. The samples were analysed using an impedance meter and pH sensor controlled using a microcontroller system programmed for this application. Training sets were obtained from known milk samples. This data set was then used to train a Support Vector Machine algorithm that characterizes samples of raw milk adulterated with different proportions    of drinking water, deionised water, formaldehyde(CH2O), hydrogen peroxide(H2O2) and sodium hydroxide(NaOH).This allowed classifying the test sample qualitatively, enabling the fraud detection in the test sample composition.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

M. Young, The Technical Writer’s Handbook. Mill Valley, CA: University Science, 1989. http://www.fssai.gov.in/Portals/0/Pdf/Adulteration(26.02.14).pdf

Hemanth Singuluri and Sukumaran MK, "A Comparative Study on the Levels of Different Adulterants Present in Milk" , Journal of Chromatograph Separation Techniques, vol 5,no 1,2014.

E.Y.Y. Chan, S.M. Griffiths, C.W. Chan, "Public-health risks of melamine in milk products," The Lancet, Vol. 372, pp.1444-1445, 2008

L. M. L. Nollet and F. Toldra, Handbook of Dairy Foods Analysis.

Boca Raton, FL, USA: CRC Press, 2009.

R. M. Balabin, S. V. Smirnov, "Melamine detection by mid- and nearinfrared (MIR/NIR) spectroscopy: A quick and sensitive method for dairy products analysis including liquid milk, infant formula, and milk powder," Talanta, Vol.85, pp.562-568, 2011

M. Nielen, H. Deluyker, Y. H. Schukken, and A. Brand, “Electrical

conductivity of milk: Measurement, modifiers, and meta analysis

of mastitis detection performance,†J. Dairy Sci., vol. 75, no. 2, pp. 606–614, Feb. 1992.

M. Oshima, “Empirical formula for correcting electrical conductivity

values of milk in relation to temperature,†Jpn. J. Zootech. Sci., vol. 49,

no. 3, pp. 180–188, 1978.

M. Simic, “Realization of complex impedance measurement system

based on the integrated circuit AD5933,†in Proc. 21st Telecommun.

Forum (TELFOR), Nov. 2013, pp. 573–576.

D. Wu, S. Feng and Y. He, "Infrared spectroscopy technique for the nondestructive measurement of fat content in milk powder, J. Dairy Sci. Vol. 90, pp.3613-3619, 2007 .

P. Zoltowski, "On the electrical capacitance of interfaces exhibiting constant phase element behaviour," J. Electroanalytical Chemistry,vol 443, pp 149-154, 1998.

A. Afzal, M. S. Mahmood, I. Hussain, and M. Akhtar, “Adulteration and microbiological quality of milk (a review),†Pakistan J. Nutrition, vol. 10, no. 12, pp. 1195–1202, 2011.

Gabriel Durante, Wesley Becari, Felipe A. S. Lima, and Henrique E. M. Peres, “Electrical Impedance Sensor for Real-Time Detection of Bovine Milk Adulterationâ€, IEEE SENSORS JOURNAL, VOL. 16, NO.. 4, 2016.

Published
2016-05-12
How to Cite
R N, V., SHREERAM, V., KUMAR, T., VARMA V, V., & PARVATHI S, S. (2016). A PI FRAMEWORK FOR REAL TIME DETECTION OF MILK ADULTERATION. COMPUSOFT: An International Journal of Advanced Computer Technology. Retrieved from https://ijact.in/index.php/ijact/article/view/533
Section
Articles