Zone-based Proactive Source Routing Protocol for Adhoc Networks


  • S Sangheethaa Asst. Professor, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, School of Engineering and Technology, Dilla University, Dilla Ethiopia
  • PV Shyamily Department of Computer Science, Vimal Jyothi Engineering College, Chemperi, Kannur


PSR, ZRP, ad hoc routing, Z-PSR, Breadth first spanning tree


Ad-hoc networks has become a hot topic in the research world. Routing in ad-hoc networks has faced so many problems due to the peculiar nature of adhoc environments. In this paper a new routing protocol based on source routing and zone based routing is proposed. Proactive source routing protocol (PSR) is a method to reduce overhead in ad hoc networks by making use of BFSTs (Breadth First Spanning Trees). Zone routing protocol (ZRP) uses partition based routing. It uses source routing inside a zone and on-demand routing outside the zone. This paper proposes an approach which combines the advantages of both proactive and zone based routing protocols. The simulations are done in ns2 and the results show that the Z-PSR i.e. zone based proactive source routing protocol performs better compared to PSR.


Zehua Wang, Cheng Li ; Yuanzhu Chen,“PSR: A lightweight Proactive Source Routing protocol for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks” in IEEE transactions on Vehicular Technology, Vol. 63, No. 2, February 2014.

. Zone Routing Protocol available from online

. C. E. Perkins and P. Bhagwat, “Highly dynamic Destination-Sequenced Distance-Vector Routing (DSDV) for mobile computers,”Comput. Com mun. Rev., vol. 24, pp. 234–244, Oct. 1994

. T. Clausen and P. Jacquet, “Optimized Link State Routing Protocol (OLSR),”RFC 3626, Oct. 2003. [Online]. Available:

. S. Murthy and J. J. Garcia-Luna-Aceves,“An efficient routing protocol for wireless networks,” Mobile Netw. Appl. , vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 183–197, Oct. 1996

. C. E. Perkins and E. M. Royer, “Ad hoc On-Demand Distance Vector (AODV) routing,” RFC 3561, Jul. 2003. [Online]. Available:

. D. B. Johnson, Y.-C. Hu, and D. A. Maltz, “On The Dynamic Source Routing Protocol (DSR) for mobile ad hoc networks for IPv4,” RFC 4728, Feb. 2007. [Online]. Available:

. N. Kettaf et al. ”Admission Control enables Routing Protocol -ACOR-”Internet draft, IETF, (draft-kettaf-manetacor-00.txt), July 2006,

. CHAI-KEONG TOH , “AssociativityBased Routing for Ad-Hoc Mobile NetworkS” University of Cambridge, Kluwer Academic Publishers. Pg. No. 103–139, 1997.

. Vincent D. Park and M. Scott Corson. "Temporally Ordered Routing Algorithm (TORA) version 4: Functional specification". Internet Draft, draftietfmanet-TORA Spec 04.txt, July 2001

. Order one routing protocol

. Ns2-




How to Cite

S, S., & P V, S. (2024). Zone-based Proactive Source Routing Protocol for Adhoc Networks. COMPUSOFT: An International Journal of Advanced Computer Technology, 4(01), 1477–1482. Retrieved from



Original Research Article

Similar Articles

1 2 3 4 5 6 > >> 

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.